There is an urgent need to ensure the ecological and economic sustainability
of marine biodiversity conservation. This project will aim at and
demonstrate the sustainability of marine biodiversity conservation
through the integration of coastal tourism development and activities
of marine protected areas in two specific case studies.
Many marine protected areas (MPAs) are connected
with tourism activities, even though these areas may be developed
independently. Coastal communities have often been marginalized
by tourism and MPAs, and this has resulted in greater environmental
degradation, a reduction in resources and conflicts.
Contribute to the conservation of marine biodiversity
that is ecologically and economically sustainable, through the
integrated development of coastal tourism and marine protected
- Assess the relations, including impacts, between
coastal ecosystems (terrestrial, wetlands and marine) that are
important for the integrated development of tourism and MPAs
- Assess the role of local communities in
coastal tourism and MPAs
- Design and carry out strategies for conserving
marine biodiversity through demonstration activities that link
marine-coastal tourism and MPA, with participation by local
- Facilitate participation between two regions
(East Africa and Central America) in experiences obtained during
project implementation and make use of lessons learned that
may have universal application.
project will evaluate the impact of tourism on marine biodiversity
and coastal communities in two regions, Central America and East
Africa. For items stemming from the evaluation, an integrated
and cooperative approach toward the development of tourism and
protected areas will be demonstrated in two specific areas, one
in each region. Specific on-site activities will be implemented
by national experts and, if necessary, by external initiatives.
Project performance will be monitored closely by IUCN. Based on
the experiences generated, strategies and lines of work will be
designed, emphasizing a comprehensive and cooperative approach
toward the development of tourism and protected areas.
The project is expected to continue aiming at conservation
of marine biodiversity, strengthening of regional and extra-regional
cooperation, and improvement of South-South collaboration. This
will demonstrate to the private sector the potential it possesses
for contributing to marine conservation. Experiences learned through
implementation of the project will have national, regional and
global application. Lines produced by the project will have applications
in other regions.